L’accès à l’enseignement postsecondaire au Québec : le rôle de la segmentation scolaire dans la reproduction des inégalités

In Quebec, secondary education is segmented into pathways, forming a system which fosters the reproduction of inequalities. Our objective is to estimate the effects of this system on access to post-secondary education and to elucidate its intermediary role between social origin and access. We use administrative data of the Ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supéreur (MÉES) on students making up a quarter of the entire cohort which entered secondary education in 2002-2003, and two measures of family educational and economic capital. We estimate a system of structural equations in which the secondary education pathway plays the role of intermediate variable. We also use a quasi-experimental approach to evaluate the overall advantage conferred by private education. Our results show that access to post-secondary education varies with the secondary education pathways, that enrolment in a particular pathway is linked to the educational capital of the family, and that the overall advantage gained through private education varies inversely with the position of each pathway in the secondary education hierarchy.

This content has been updated on 1 October 2019 at 9 h 30 min.